Kozlowski Law Review Columns 1982-Present
click article title to view pdf file

Articles listed below have appeared in Parks & Recreation magazine, the official publication of the National Recreation and Park Association. http://www.nrpa.org/   
COPYRIGHT NOTICE

 

2019

 

Longstanding Historic Cross Constitutional Challenge

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sep 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 9

 

Overtime Work Racial Discrimination Claim

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 8

 

 

Camping Ordinance Criminalized Homeless Status

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 7

 

Gun Show in Park Rental Facility Not "Family Entertainment"

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 6

 

Certified Playground Safety Inspector Accident Review

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 5

 

Crude Racist Skit Tests First Amendment

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 4

 

Claustrophobic Workplace ADA Claim

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 3

 

Shallow Water Diving Injury Contributory Negligence

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 2

 

 

City Restricted Park Food Sharing With Homeless

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan 2019 Vol. 53, Iss. 1

 

2018

 

Former Parks Director Claims Overtime Pay Under FLSA

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation,  Dec 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 12

 

""Courtesy Hours" for Off-Leash Dogs in Public Parks

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation,  Nov 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 11

 

Championship Time Standards Disqualify Disabled Athletes

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation,  Oct 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 10

 

Recreational Immunity - Contrasting Bicycle Opinions

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation,  Sep 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 9

 

Common Lake Organism Fatal to Park Visitor

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation,  Aug 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 8

 

Governmental Immunity for Park Security Policy

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 7

 

Park Purpose Challenge to Wireless Communications Facility

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 6

 

Standing to Challenge Removal of Confederate Park Monuments

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 5

 

City Farmer's Market Vendor Religious Freedom Claim

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 4

 

Limited Duty Applicable to Overdose Cardiac Arrest

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 3

 

Public Park Dedication Evident in LWCF Grant

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 2

 

Rope Swing Landowner Liability and Immunity

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan 2018 Vol. 52, Iss. 1

 

 

2017

 

Adverse Possession Claims in Park Land

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 12

 

 

Park Permit for Location-Based "Pokémon Go" Games

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 11

 

Content-Based Park Permit Decisions Unconstitutional

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 10

 

State Playground Program Disqualified Religious Organizations

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sep 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 9

 

ADA Accessibility Rules for Alterations of Existing Facilities

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 8

 

Crash on Challenging Mountain Bike Trail

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 7

 

Criminal Background Checks for Youth Sport Coaches

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 6

 

Transportation Planning Must Mitigate Park Impacts

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 5

 

Park Permit for Commercial Wedding Photos

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 4

 

Gun Permitees Challenge Park Firearm Regulations

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 3

 

Head Shots Just Part of the Game

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 2

 

Inaugural Parade Regulations Constitutional Challenge

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan 2017 Vol. 51, Iss. 1

 

2016

 

Fateful Dive into "Closed" Park Pond Pool

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 12

 

Age Discrimination Claim by Beach Patrol Chief

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 11

 

"Hold Harmless" Incentive in Recreational Use Statute

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 10

 

Economic Development Ongoing Threat to LWCF Legacy

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sep 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 9

 

Rectal Syringe Unreasonable ADA Accommodation

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 8

 

Recreational Use Statutes in State Supreme Courts

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 7

 

Legal Relationship Shapes AED Use Requirement

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun. 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 6

 

Turf Field Cancer Risk Environmental Review

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 5

 

Governmental Immunity for Deadly Mountain Goat

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr. 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 4

 

Gun Rights Tested in Parks and Public Spaces

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar. 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 3

 

Physician Nixes Post-Injury Return to Football

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb. 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 2

 

Downtown Panhandling Ordinance Unconstitutional

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan. 2016 Vol. 50, Iss. 1

 

 

2015

Park Ban on Unattended Holiday Displays

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 12

 

Transgender Discrimination in Male Locker Room

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 11

 

Women Busted for Bare Breasts in Public, Not Men

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 10

 

Competitive Bidding “Fairness” in Concession Contract

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sep 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 9

 

Natural Condition Immunity for Campsite Tree Injury

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 8

 

Troubled Triathlete Expelled from Recreation Program

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 7

 

Public Trust Challenge to Private Park Museum

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 6

 

 Lower Liability Standard for Coaches During Competition

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 5

 

No Liability Precedent in State Park Settlement

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 4

 

 Park Playground Ban on Adults Unaccompanied by Children

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 3

 

 Pretrial Summary Judgment Dismisses Claim

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 2

 

       Residency Policy Racial Discrimination Claim

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan. 2015 Vol. 49, Iss. 1

 

 

2014

      Safety Feature Standard Practice in Sport?

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 12

 

      Bible Believers Target Arab Festival

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 11

 

 Concussion Training Lacking in Federal Civil Rights Claim

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 10

 

Keep Your Eye on the Baseball Rule

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sep 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 9

 

 

 Neutral Park Curfew Ordinance Constitutional

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 8

 

 

 Leash Law Violator Tased and Confused

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 7

 

 Federal Flood Control Immunity Slippery When Wet

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 6

 

 Fingertips Removed by Playground Chain

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 5

 

 

Parks Administration Back Disability ADA Claims

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr. 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 4

 

Recreational Immunity for Topsoil Debris Dumped in Park

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar. 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 3

 

National Lakeshore Residents Resist Tree Removal

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb. 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 2

 

Website Invitation to “Dangerous” Park

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan. 2014 Vol. 48, Iss. 1

 

2013

No Liability for Independent Contractor Negligence

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 12

 

 Traditional Immunity for Local Parks

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 11

 

No Warning of Nuisance Bear Threat to Campers

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 10

 

Park Hours Prohibited Overnight Occupation

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sep. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 9

 

NEPA Review of Fracking Leases on Public Lands

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 8

 

Administration of Emergency Seizure Medication Discontinued

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 7

 

 

Pavilion Restaurant Questionable “Park Purpose”

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 6

 

Majority "Baseball Rule" Limits Spectator Liability

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 5

 

Blind Paintballers Disability Discrimination Claim

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 4

 

Park User Challenges Outdoor Public Smoking Ban

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 3

 

Park Arrest for Flamboyant Ballet Exercise

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 2

 

Assumption of Risk for Observable Ballfield Defects

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan. 2013 Vol. 48, Iss. 1

 

2012

 

Bible Distribution Regulated at Gay Pride Festival

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec. 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 12

 

State Park Mineral Exploration in LWCF Project

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov. 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 11

 

Obvious Tree Hazard on Park Sledding Hill

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct. 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 10

 

ADA Claimants Must be Qualified for Swim Programs

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sept. 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 9

 

Did City Ballfield Permits Favor Religious Schools?

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Aug 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 8

 

Supervision Faulted in City Camping Trip Fatality

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jul 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 7

 

No Liability for Obvious Playground Fall Danger

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jun 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 6

 

Festival Policy Silences Annoying Preacher  

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, May 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 5

 

Hidden Drowning Danger at Riverside Park Dam

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Apr. 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 4

 

Cliff Collapse Accidents Test Recreational Use Statutes

 James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Mar. 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 3

 

Park “Occupation” Protest Protected Speech or Camping? 

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Feb 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 2

 

Private Property Mineral Rights Under State Parks

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Jan 2012 Vol. 47, Iss. 1

 

 

2011

 

 Job Offer Rescinded for Hearing-Impaired Lifeguard

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Dec. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 12

 

  Park Conversion Protection in LWCF Project Map

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Nov. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 11

 

NEPA Challenge to Park Sharpshooters for Deer Control

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Oct. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 10

 

Swim Event Agreement Indemnifies City’s Negligence

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, Sept. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 9

 

Vehicle Fees Impact Recreational Use Immunity

James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation, August 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 8

 

  Golf Lease Consistent with Public Purpose Gift?
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. July 2011 Vol. 46, Isss. 7


  Liability for Open S-Hook on Playground Swing
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. June 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 6

 

Flood Control Immunity in Recreation Evaporating
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. May 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 5


Right to Bear Arms Limited in "Sensitive" Public  Facilities
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Apr. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 4


Camp "Cleanup" Makes Homeless Status Criminal
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Mar. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 3


Cardiac 911 Call, No CPR, No Liability
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Feb. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 2


HIV Fears Block Admission to Camp
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jan. 2011 Vol. 46, Iss. 1


2010


Free Speech T Shirt Sales at Park District Zoo
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Dec. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 12


Municipal Immunity for Failed 911 Surf Rescue
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Nov. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 11


Public Land Swap Preserves War Memorial Cross
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Oct. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 10


 
State Immunity Laws Limit Public Playrgound Liability
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Sep. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 9


Legal Duty Requires Control of Injury Causing Condition
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Aug. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 8


 ADA Claim After Recreation Center Assault
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Jul. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 7


Pool Pass Confiscated for "Lurking" Around Children
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jun. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 6

 

 Unpaid Student Interns Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. May. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 5


Beach Park Refuses "Alarming" Pamphlet Display
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Apr.. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 4


Golf Development Park Lease Environmental Review
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Mar.. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 3

 

 Park Garbage Bag Competitive Bid Contract
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Feb.. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 2

 Park Police Pregnancy Discrimination Claim
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jan.. 2010 Vol. 45, Iss. 1

2009

Fatal Bear Attacks Test Immunity Laws
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Dec.. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 12


Tradition and Trends in Parent/Child Waivers
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Nov. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 11


Political Reversal on National Park Gun Ban
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Oct. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 10


Skateboarding Immunity Laws Limit Liability
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Sep. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 9


 Transsexual Advantage in Women's Competition?
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Aug. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 8


Supervised Field Trip Permission Slip
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jul. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 7


Government Controls Donated Park Monument Message
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jun. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 6


Park Closed to Registered Sex Offenders
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. May 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 5

 

 Reverse Discrimination Claim Against Park District
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Apr. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss. 4

Copyright Claim for Park Wildflower Display
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Mar. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss.3.

 

Park Ordinance Targets Feeding the Homeless
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Feb.. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss.2.

 

Video Surveillance Unreasonable Search in Locker Room
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jan. 2009 Vol. 44, Iss.1.

 

2008

 

 Park Concessionaire Restaurant Trademark
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Dec. 2008 Vol. 43, Iss.12.

 

Camp Rafting Trips Unlicensed Commercial Activity
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Nov. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.11.


ADA Obesity Impairment Must Be Physiological
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Oct. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.10.


 Family Medical Leave for Grandparent Contested
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Sep. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.9.


 Fear Drives Non-Wood Baseball Bat Controversy
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Aug... 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.8.


Safety Review Not Specified in Contract
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Jul.. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.7.

 

  Riverwalk Bridge Obscured Neighbor's View
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jun. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.6.


Field Use Policy Favored Residents
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. May. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.5.


Case of the State Park "Drowning Machine" *
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Apr. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.4.

* case reversed  on appeal see appeallate opinion attached to article


Blanket Agreements License Government Music
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Mar.. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.3.


  Director Fired After Critical E-Mail
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Feb. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.2.

* judgment in favor of city affirmed on appeal see appeallate opinion attached to article


Equity in Latino Neighborhood Parks Questioned
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jan. 2008. Vol. 43, Iss.1.


2007

Burning Ring of Fire
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Dec. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.12.


Entrapment Hazard in Pool Drains
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Nov.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.11.


AED "Heart Shock Box" Whereabouts Unknown
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Oct. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.10.

Track Champs Pointless for Wheelchairs
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Sep.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.9.


Lead Paint Playground Hazard Evidence
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Aug.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.8.


Unpermitted Park Literature Distribution
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jul.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.7.


Commercial Waiver Signed by Parent
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jun.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.6.


Park Visitor Trespasser After Dark
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. May.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.5.

 

New Yankee Stadium Replaces Parkland
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Apr.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.4.


Age Appropriate Playground Safety Guidelines
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Mar.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.3.


Unwritten Park Trespass Policy Unconstitutional
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Feb.. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.2.

 

Waiver for Disabled Teen Drowning
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jan. 2007. Vol. 42, Iss.1.

 

2006

 

Gift of Park Land in Perpetuity
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Dec. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.12.

 

Community Center "Dirty Dancing"
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Nov. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.11.

 

Cardboard Homeless Shelter in Park
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Oct 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.10.

 

Park Pot Hole Bike Fatality
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Sep 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.9.


Recreation Supervisor Gender Discrimination
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Aug 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.8.


Preacher Too Loud for Commons
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jul 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.7.

 

"Pine Tree" Cell Tower in Park
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jun 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.6.


"Right of Publicity" in Park Promo Media
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. May. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.5.


Free Speech and Public/Private Events
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Apr. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.4.


Parkland Protection "Paramount Importance"
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Mar. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss.3.


Waterfront Revitalization Condemns Homes
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Feb. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss. 2.


Spectator Injury Outside the Stands
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Jan. 2006. Vol. 41, Iss. 1.


2005


Molester Park Ban Constitutional Process
James C. Kozlowski.
Parks & Recreation. Dec. 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 12.

Park Fireworks Display Injures Boy Weeks Later, Off Site
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Nov 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 11.


Club Refuses To Modify League Rules for Disabled Competitor
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Oct 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 10.


Supreme Court Split on Public Display of Ten Commandments
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Sep 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 9.


Unguarded Beach Appeared to be Designated Swimming Area
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Aug 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 8.

 


Special Event Fee Left Too Much Discretion To Licensing Official
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Jul 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 7.


City Responds Appropriately to Sexual Harassment Claim
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Jun 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 6.

 

Dancing Teen Dies After Being Run Over By Parade Float
James C. Kozlowski, Parks & Recreation. May 2005. Vol. 40, Iss. 5

.

Constitutional Fence for a Monumental Controversy?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 2005. Vol. 40, Iss . 4

 

Recreation Safety Act Immunity Limited To Inherent Risks

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 2005. Vol. 40, Iss . 3

 

Police Claim Authority to Ban Gambler from Park Indefinitely

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 2005. Vol. 40, Iss . 2

 

ADA Requires Wheelchair Areas to Be Integrated Into General Seating

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 2005. Vol. 40, Iss . 1

 

2004

 

Federal Law Prohibits Discrimination Against Citizen-Soldiers

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 2004. Vol. 39, Iss . 12

 

Central Park Demonstration Might Destroy Great Lawn

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    NOV 2004. Vol. 39, Iss . 11

 

 

“Sexual Addict” Banned From Parks After “Cruising” For Kids

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 2004. Vol. 39, Iss . 10

 

State Fair Fails ADA Accessibility Test For Existing Facilities

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 2004. Vol. 39, Iss . 9

 

Park Buy-A-Brick Fundraiser Hits A Constitutional Wall

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 8

 

Religious Message Excluded From Christmas Displays In Park

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 7

 

Tough Breaks Are Just Part Of The Game

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 6

 

Eagles Ten Commandments Park Monument Fails “Lemon” Test

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 5

 

Pine Tree Falls On Camper During Thunderstorm

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 4

 

Entrapment Danger In Playground Reported But Not Corrected

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 3

Trainer Fails To Report Head Injury Symptoms To Physician

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 2

 

Racing Dive Breaks Neck Of Fearful Novice Swimmer

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 2004. Vol. 39, Iss. 1

 

2003

 

No Home For Homeschooling At The Rec Center

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 12

 

Pedophile Clown Brings His Act To Playland

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 11

 

Expressway Project Drives Bikeway Funding Off The Roads Bill

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 10

 

Developers Challenge Fee For Parks & Recreation

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .   Sep 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 9

 

State Bills Would Ban Public Competition With Private Business

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 8

 

Coach Breaks Player’s Arm Demonstrating Technique

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 7

 

Baseball Spectator Assumes Normal Risk Of Foul Ball Injury?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 6

 

Jogger Injured By Errant Shot From Park Golf Course

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 5

 

Sweet 16 Party At Rec. Center Ends In Fatal Parking Lot Shoot Out

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 4

 

Angry Hockey Dad Fights Five Year Ban From City Arena

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 3

 

Lake Tahoe Development Moratorium Passes Constitutional Test

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 2

 

“Invasion Of Privacy” For Unauthorized Use Of Team Photo?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 2003. Vol. 38, Iss. 1

 

2002

 

ADA Requires Daycare Program To Accommodate Autistic Child

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 12

 

Heirs Claim Undeveloped Park Parcel Under “Use It Or Lose It” Clause

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 11

 

Supreme Court: Random Drug Testing Constitutional Without Identifiable Drug Problem

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 10

 

Duty To Follow Established Procedures To Warn Beachgoers Of Lightning Storms

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 9

 

County Dress Code Ruled Unconstitutional

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 8

 

Parking Lot Security Questioned In Rock Festival Mishap

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .   Jul 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 7

 

Injured Little Leaguer Lost Fly Ball In The Setting Sun

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 2002. Vol. 37, Iss.

 

Is A Politically Correct Code Of Conduct Too Idealistic For The First Amendment?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 5

 

No Threat Of Unconstitutional Censorship In Park Permit Ordinance

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 4

 

 

Constitutional Test For Gender Discrimination In Public Facilities

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 3

 

"Unattended Structures" Ban Includes Nativity Scene On Town Green

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 2

 

Prescription Medication Policies Prompt ADA Claims

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 2002. Vol. 37, Iss. 1

 

2001

 

"Pot Festival" Organizers Challenge City's Park Permit Ordinance

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 12

 

Highway Victim Blames Facility For Allowing "Safe Haven" For Alcohol Consumption

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 11

 

Can Towns Restrict Public Park Access To Residents And Their Guests?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 10

 

Peripheral Rule Waiver Is Not "Fundamental Alteration" Under ADA

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 9

 

Bible Youth Group Excluded From School Open For Community Use

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 8

 

Random Drug Testing Requires Identifiable Drug Abuse Problem

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 7

 

Lack Of Safety Information And Training Faulted In Cheerleading Injury

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 6

 

Challenged Dress Code Prohibited Clothing With Offensive Illustrations

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 5

 

Author Generally Owns Copyright Unless Employee Or "Work For Hire"

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 4

 

Unconstitutional Retaliation Against Employee's Free Speech?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 3

 

Toy Beach Buckets Entice Children To Play In Hazardous Surf

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 2

 

State Rejects KKK Application For Adopt-A-Highway Program

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 2001. Vol. 36, Iss. 1

 

2000

 

Duty To Educate Youth About Risk Of Sexual Abuse By Voluteers

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 12

 

Combat Karate Class Illustrates ADA "Direct Threat" Exception

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 11

 

Strict Attendance Policy For School Choir Prompts ADA Claim

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 10

 

First Amendment Dilemma: Civic Event Fund Discriminated Against Prayer Day

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 9

 

Protruding Floor Mat Tests "Open And Obvious Condition" Doctrine

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 8

 

Junior Lifeguard Competition Participant Assumes Risk Of Injury

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 7

 

Establishment Clause Violation Persists Despite Sale of Park Statue

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 6

 

 

Pro Golfer’s Cart “Reasonable Accommodation” under ADA

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 5

 

Corrective Measures Relevant In Determining "Disability" Under ADA

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 4

 

Girl Banned From Privately Sponsored Boys Basketball Tournament

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 3

 

School Refuses To Post Ten Commandments Advertisement On Ballfield Fence

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 2

 

Court Upholds Juvenile Curfew Law

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 2000. Vol. 35, Iss . 1

 

1999

 

Brother, Can You Spare A Dime? Panhandling In Public Parks And Places

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 12; P. 34 (5 Pages)

 

Sports Leagues Held Liable For Volunteer’s Attack On    Coach

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 11; P. 45 (5 Pages)

 

Recklessness Standard For Recreation Participants Reaffirmed

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 10; P. 42 (5 Pages)

 

Serpent Statue In City Park: Unconstitutional Religious Symbol?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 9; P. 50 (7 Pages)

 

Criminal Street Gang “Loitering” Statute Unconstitutionally Vague

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 8; P. 36 (6 Pages)

 

Nude Recreation In Wildlife Area Neighborhood Nuisance?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 7; P. 40 (5 Pages)

 

County Designated Center Island For Residents Only
(Warren v. Fairfax County "VACATED BY THE COURT")
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 6; P. 46 (4 Pages)
Click to See "COREECTED OPINION" in: Warren v. Fairfax County, 

 

School's Alcohol-Abuse Policy Withstands Constitutional Challenge

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 5; P. 48 (6 Pages)

 

Enjoying Natural Environment Includes Risk Of Dangerous Insects

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 4; P. 48 (4 Pages)

 

Governmental Immunity & Liability For Wild Animal Attacks

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 3; P. 48 (7 Pages)

 

Constitutionality Of Drug Test Requirement For Athletes?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 2; P. 32 (8 Pages)

 

Latin Cross In Public Park Violates Federal And State Constitutions

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1999. Vol. 34, Iss . 1; P. 38 (7 Pages)

 

1998

 

Lifeguards Had No Training Or Policy For Dialing 911

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 12; P. 32 (5 Pages)

 

Limited Liability For Drowning In Undesignated Areas

Limited Liability For Drowning In Non‑Swimming Area Of Park

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 11; P. 40 (6 Pages)

 

State High Court Upholds Waiver Signed By Parent

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 10; P. 40 (6 Pages)

 

City Failed To Prevent Sexual Harassment By Lifeguard Supervisors

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 9; P. 63 (6 Pages)

 

Hockey Puck “Facial” A Foreseeable Risk For Spectators?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 8; P. 40 (5 Pages)

 

Sport League Fees: Exception To Recreational Use Statute Immunity?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 7; P. 46 (5 Pages)

 

Playground Supervision Liability: Opportunity To Prevent Injury?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 6; P. 44 (4 Pages)

 

Contact-Sport Exception Allows For Participant Negligence

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 5; P. 48 (5 Pages)

 

Duty To Instruct, Warn, & Demonstrate Unfamiliar Jumping Exercise

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 4; P. 54 (5 Pages)

 

White-Water Rafting Waivers Illustrate Expressed Assumption Of Risk

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 3; P. 48 (6 Pages)

 

 

Fee Exception To    State Recreational Use Laws On Federal Sites

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 2; P. 46 (5 Pages)

 

Dangerous Trees Pose A Foreseeable Risk Of Injury

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1998. Vol. 33, Iss . 1; P. 28 (5 Pages)

 

1997

 

Risk Of Injury In The Gymnasium

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 12; P. 24 (6 Pages)

 

Is Playground Supervision Negligent For Failure To Witness Injury?

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 11; P. 36 (7 Pages)

 

Post-Injury Procedure: Medical Assistance And Liability

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 10; P. 40 (8 Pages)

 

Diver Down: Looking Before You Leap

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 9; P. 48 (8 Pages)


Martial Arts Participants Do Not Assume Increased Risk of Injury
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation. Aug 1997 Vol. 32, Iss. 8

 

Chosen Lightning Protection On Golf Course Must Be Properly Utilized

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 7; P. 46 (6 Pages)

 

Volunteer Protection Bills Offer "Carrot And Stick" To States To Enact Federal "Feel Good" Tort Reform

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 6; P. 34 (7 Pages)

 

No Duty To Keep Premises Reasonably Safe For Adult Trespassers

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    May 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 5; P. 52 (6 Pages)

 

Spectators Assume Obvious Risks In Unprotected Areas Of Ballfield

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 4; P. 46 (6 Pages)

 

Menorah In City Park : Unconstitutional Exception To Ban On Private Park Displays

James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 3; P. 40 (7 Pages)

 

Molestation Liability Examines Scope Of Employment & Foreseeability

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 2; P. 36 (6 Pages)

Beach Fatality Tests Public Recreation Immunity Statute

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1997. Vol. 32, Iss . 1; P. 34 (5 Pages)

 

1996

 

City Policy Ban On Religious Film In Senior Center Unconstitutional

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 12; P. 33 (4 Pages)

 

Aggressive Play Inherent Risk In Non-Contact Football Class

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 11; P. 30 (4 Pages)

 

Former Lifeguards Claim City 's Workplace Abusive To Females

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 10; P. 44 (5 Pages)

 

Basketball Prayer Tradition Unconstitutional

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 9; P. 41 (6 Pages)

 

Recreation Agencies Concerned About Child Labor Laws

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 8; P. 36 (7 Pages)

 

"Life Of The Community" Determines Legal Standard For Negligence Liability

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 7; P. 30 (5 Pages)

 

Overview Of Negligence Liability Principles In Recreation

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 6; P. 24 (4 Pages)

 

Limited Liability For Criminal Assaults In Park Facilities

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 5; P. 28 (4 Pages)

 

Lifeguard Supervision Liability In Review

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 4; P. 36 (6 Pages)

 

Liability Waivers And Releases Overview: Can You Say "Exculpatory Agreement"?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 3; P. 30 (5 Pages)

 

Landowner Duty: Assure Premises No More Dangerous Than It Appears To Be

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 2; P. 34 (6 Pages)

 

Sports Coach & Physical Activity Instructors Legal Duties Of Care In Review

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1996. Vol. 31, Iss . 1; P. 26

 

1995

 

Mere Program Sponsorship Promoting Physical Activity Insufficient Control To Trigger Liability

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 12; P. 24

 

KKK Cross On Capitol Square Not State Endorsement Of Religion

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 11; P. 20

 

Endangered Species Act Regulates Critical Habitat Modification On Private Land

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 10; P. 26

 

Gay Pride Message Not Accommodated In City Parade Organized By Private Association

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 9; P. 28

 

Motorcyclist Claims First Amendment Right To Ride Through County Park

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 8; P. 25 (4 Pages)

 

Ethnic Group Denied Permit To Erect Statue Of Political Figure In Park

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 7; P. 20 (6 Pages)

 

Denial Of Permit To Develop Coastal Wetland, An Unconstitutional Taking?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 6; P. 20 (5 Pages)

 

Private Property Bill More Demanding Than Constitution

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 5; P. 16 (5 Pages)

 

Outdoor Recreation Planning & Coordination

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 4; P. 28 (4 Pages)

 

Intoxicated Trespasser Drowns In Closed City Pool

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 3; P. 36 (4 Pages)

 

ADA Regulations Require Detailed Self-Evaluation Of Accessibility

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 2; P. 14 (5 Pages)

 

Psychological Injury Not Required For Sexual Harassment In "Abusive Work Environment"

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1995. Vol. 30, Iss . 1; p. 22

 

1994

 

First Female in Football Program Claims Negligent Failure to Warn Of Risks

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 12; p. 20 (4 pages)

 

Rope Swing in Park Presents Obvious Risk of Fall

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 11


ADA Requires Integration, Prohibits Stereotyped Segregation of Disabled

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 10

 

Constitutional Greenway Dedication Requires "Rough Proportionality" to Development's Impact

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 9

 

Land & Water Conservation Fund Act Blocks Conversion of Scenic Easement to Golf Course

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 8

 

Park Regulations Unconstitutional As Applied To Political Protestor

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 7

League Policy Banning Coach In Wheelchair From Sidelines Violated ADA

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 6

 

Compensation For Condemned Land Not Devalued By Park Dedication

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 5

 

Risk Obvious In Prohibited Jetty Dive Despite Lifeguard's Acquiescence

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 4

 

Krishnas Challenge Park Service Regs Banning Solicitation & Sales On Mall

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 3

 

Environmental  Challenge To Federal Highway Project Through Park

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 2

 

NRPA Brief  Urges    "Market" Value   Inappropriate For Dedicated Parkland

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1994. Vol. 29, Iss . 1

 

1993

 

Park Service Noise Regulation Unconstitutionally Applied To War Protest

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Dec 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 12

 

Clean Water Act Permit Ignored Adverse Impacts On Park Environment

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Nov 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 11

 

Standard For Sports Participants Debated: Recklessness Or Negligence?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Oct 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 10

 

Authorized Public Recreation May Legally Compete With Private Facilities

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Sep 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 9

 

Gun Club Lead Shot "Hazardous Waste" For Environmental Cleanup Law

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Aug 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 8

 

Playground Safety, The Next Generation, Hazard Patterns

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Jul 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 7

 

Endangered Sea Turtles Protected During City Beach Restoration

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Jun 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 6

 

Adequacy Of Spectator Protection In Danger Zone A Jury Issue

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . May 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 5

 

Playground Safety Maintenance Guidelines, The Next Generation

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Apr 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 4

 

Equestrians Allege Park Horseback Riding Regulation Unconstitutional

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Mar 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 3

 

Travel & Tourism Publication Fails To Investigate Accuracy Of Information

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Feb 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 2

 

Ordinance Prohibiting Nighttime Loitering in City Park Constitutional

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1993. Vol. 28, Iss . 1

 

 

1992

 

No Duty To Warn Of Obvious   Risk Of    Golfing    In Lightning Storm

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 12

 

Who Are Americans With Disabilities Under Federal Civil Rights Law?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 11

 

Constitutional Dire Straits For Public Ban On Private Beach Building

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 10

 

Playground Liability For Exposed Concrete Footing Under Monkey Bars In State Park

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 9

 

City Park Tower Of Power Rocks Trespassing Teen's Top Forty Climb

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 8

 

OSHA Rule Applies To Ocean Lifeguard Position & Mouth-To-Mouth Resuscitation Task

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 7

 

Rainwater Accumulated In Closed City Pool Raises Attractive Nuisance Risk

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 6

 

Waiver in City-Sponsored Triathlon Bike Race not Against Public Policy

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 5; p. 14 (6 pages)

 

Control Test Defines Independent Contractor or Employee Sports Official

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 4; p. 22 (5 pages)

 

Swimming Pool not "Attractive Nuisance" in Teen Trespasser Diving Injury

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 3; p. 26 (5 pages)

 

Federal Counsel Responds to NRPA , Clarifies Copyright Music Public Park Exemption

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 2; p. 14 (7 pages)

 

Coaches Delay Emergency Treatment for Player Suffering Heat Stress

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1992. Vol. 27, Iss . 1; p. 26 (5 pages)

 

1991

 

Radio Music Copyright Liability--Private Home or Commercial Sound System?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 12; p. 14

 

Music Theater Denied Not-For-Profit, Fair Use Copyright Exemptions

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 11; p. 24

 

Day Camp Supervisor Liable for Log Rolling Fatality in City Park

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 10; p. 16

 

Misleading Signage and Dense Foliage Mask Sixty Foot Cliff Near Picnic Area

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 9; p. 42

 

Softball Player Signed Official Team Roster Containing Liability Release

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 8; p. 20

 

Sunbather Gives City the Shirt off Her Back to Test Nudity Ban in Parks

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 7; p. 24

 

Failure to Warn of Temperature in Hot Springs Negates Recreational Use Immunity

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 6; p. 20

 

Golfer's Bad Shots Shatter Windshield of Passing Motorist

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 5; p. 24

 

PTA Magic Show Waiver Signed Minor and Parent Enforceable, if Clear

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 4; p. 14

 

Alleged Policy Ban on Lake Rescues Unconstitutional Deprivation of Life

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 3; p. 20

 

Unsigned Bulkhead Creates "Illusion of Safety" for Diving

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 2; p. 22

 

Organized Sports Participant Standard Applied to Informal Game

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1991. Vol. 26, Iss . 1; p. 22

 

1990

 

Swimming Area Management Questioned Following Alligator Attack

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 12; p. 12

 

Subdivision Approval Required Land Or Fee For Parks & Recreation

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 11

 

Insect Sting & Bite Liability: A Limited Duty for Landowners

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 10; p. 24

 

Injured Softball Player Alleges Anchored Base Is Unreasonably Dangerous

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 9; p. 24

 

Massachusetts and Arizona Test Scope of Recreational Use Statute

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 8; p. 18

 

Religious Freedom Constitutional Challenge to Sports Program Rule

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 7; p. 23

 

Constitution Requires Prompt Judicial Review of Park Permit Denial

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 6; p. 20

 

Does the Constitution Protect Nude Bathing at a Public Beach ?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 5; p. 16

 

Public Playground Injuries Test Recreational Use Statute

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 4; p. 18

 

Fall from Park District Slide onto Asphalt Fatal to Handicapped Youth

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 3; p. 24

 

Do Park Rangers Have Duty to Take Intoxicated Driver into Custody?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 2; p. 20

 

Hole in Park District Fence Prompts $5 Million Judgement

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1990. Vol. 25, Iss . 1; p. 17

 

1989

 

Burning the American Flag: Political Protest with Constitutional Protection

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 12; p. 17

 

Youth Suffocates After Inhaling Balloon Helium from Unattended Tanks

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 11; p. 19

 

Constitution Bans Religious Effect in Public Holiday Displays

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 10; p. 20

 

Regulating Constitutionally Protected Symbolic Speech in Parks

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 9; p. 22

 

Fitness Factor in Fun Run Fatality

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 8; p. 14

 

Marina Drowning on Leased Premises in Hydro Project

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 7; p. 18

 

Playground Supervision Questioned in Eye Injury Cases

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 6; p. 16

 

City Park Security Questioned in Restroom Shooting

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 5; p. 22

 

Wrestling Class Sparks Battle of the Expert Witnesses

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Apr 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 4; p. 16

 

Playground Rape by Ex-Convict Employee

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 3; p. 18

 

Roughhousing Causes Injury in Guarded Lake

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 2; p. 12

 

Does U.S. Flood Control Immunity Include Reservoir Recreation?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1989. Vol. 24, Iss . 1; p. 22

 

1988

 

Handicapped Athlete Fatally Injured Enroute to Gym

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Dec 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 12; p. 14

 

Proposed Federal Volunteer Protection Act: Form or Substance?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Nov 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 11; p. 12

 

In Search of the Adequate Warning Sign: Communication Is the Key

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Oct 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 10; p. 20

 

A Common Sense View of Liability
A Reasonable Perspective On Recreational Injury Liability

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 9; p. 56

 

Causation, Assumed Risk, and a Failure to Warn in Sports Suits

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Sep 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 9; p. 18

 

Child's Eye Injury an Assumed Risk in Paper Clip Fight?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Aug 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 8; p. 18

 

Swimmer Breaks Neck Practicing Shallow Water Racing Dive

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jul 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 7; p. 18

 

Motorist Drowns in Retention Pond Adjacent to Highway

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jun 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 6; p. 16

 

Validity of Liability Release Signed by Parent and Minor Gymnast

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    May 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 5; p. 18

 

Softball Spectator Struck by Errant Warmup Ball

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation . Apr 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 4; p. 25

 

Playground Supervision Questioned in Restaurant Injury

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Mar 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 3; p. 20

 

Do Association Standards Impose Legal Duty on NRPA ?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Feb 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 2; p. 16

 

Can Rec Use Defense Cover Volunteers Maintaining Trails?

James C. Kozlowski Parks & Recreation .    Jan 1988. Vol. 23, Iss . 1; p. 26


1987


Illinois decision holds asphalt under slide obvious danger. (Alop decision)
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation Dec 1987 v22 n12 p14(6)


Government lifeguards negligent in Arkansas pool drowning. (Williams vs. United States)
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation Nov 1987 v22 n11 p15(7)


Swing set injury on federal site tests rec use defense.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation Oct 1987 v22 p18(6)


Are you familiar with the public playground safety guidelines?
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation Sept 1987 v22 p16(7)


Unimproved land immunity in cliff fall. ( McCauley v. City of San Diego)
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation August 1987 v22 p13(6)


Park service defends rope swing injury case.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation July 1987 v22 p18(5)


Rough sledding on Park District hill.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation June 8, 1987 v22 p12(6)


NPS fails to warn diver of submerged rock.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation May 1987 v22 p15(4)

Must university prevent camper's alcohol consumption on field trip?
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation April 1987 v22 p24(5)


A "cut and paste" of model rec use law to include public.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation March 1987 v22 p22(6)


California and Florida recreational use statutes don't apply to public entities.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation Feb 1987 v22 p16(6)


Must landowner protect "mooning" reveler from himself?
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & Recreation Jan 1987 v22 p30(4)

1986


Racquet and health club recent supervision and waiver cases.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Dec 1986 v21 p16(4)

WI, NJ, & LA, limit public rec use immunity to "true outdoors."
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Nov 1986 v21 p18(4)

Rec use law applies to public land in NY, NE, ID, OH, & WA.
James C. Kozlowski.   Parks & Recreation Oct 1986 v21 p22(4)


Baseball duty to provide protective screening for spectators.
James C. Kozlowski.   Parks & Recreation Sept 1986 v21 p22(5)


Notice of vicious propensities determines animal liability.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation August 1986 v21 p8(3)


Minnesota bill provides limited public recreational immunity.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation July 1986 v21 p20(4)

President's commission examines public recreation on private lands.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation June 1986 v21 p16(4)

Golf course liability for injury to adjacent homeowner.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation May 1986 v21 p24(2)


Illinois immunity for negligent supervision of public recreation.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation April 1986 v21 p28(3)

Athletic field fence in disrepair costs $80K to "fix."
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation March 1986 v21 p23(4)

Intoxicated youth leaves park, hits cyclist who sues county.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Feb 1986 v21 p62(4)


No ordinary negligence liability under recreational immunity statutes.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Jan 1986 v21 p20(5)


1985

Written supervision standard not followed in golf mishap.
James C. Kozlowski.   Parks & Recreation Dec 1985 v20 p20(4)

A case of lifeguard law from the Old Dominion.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Nov 1985 v20 p20(3)

Municipal liability on other side of hole in city fence? 
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Oct 1985 v20 p30(5)

Referee malpractice, hard driving volunteer, & pygmy palm interference.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation August 1985 v20 p26(4)

A Christmas carol in the park from the Supremes.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation June 1985 v20 p16(6)


Unauthorized use of the term "Olympic"; much ado about nothing?
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation May 1985 v20 p26(6)

The Restaurant in Central Park; a diversion case study.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation April 1985 v20 p34(5)


Retention pond drowning case studies.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation March 1985 v20 p38(6)

High risk recreation product liability case study.
James C. Kozlowski.   Parks & Recreation Feb 1985 v20 p22(4)

Walt's World in litigation land. (Walt Disney World Co. personal injury cases)
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Jan 1985 v20 p28(6)

1984

Let's get physical with fitting RPLR exercise suits.
James C. Kozlowski.   Parks & Recreation Dec 1984 v19 p20(5)

Parental liability for a child's injury-causing conduct.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Nov 1984 v19 p16(5)

Halloween treats from the RPLR bag of tricks.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Oct 1984 v19 p30(3)

Barrel bomb on pad 25 and "J.R." the bull launch lawsuits.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Sept 1984 v19 p30(5)

Reasonable emergency procedures for those in distress.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation August 1984 v19 p28(4)

Ask "Have there been any water slide cases?"
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation July 1984 v19 p23(4)
   
Jungle act featured in RPLR road show.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation June 1984 v19 p28(4)

Fans catch more than baseball fever.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation May 1984 v19 p30(7)
   
Runner-up decisions in RPLR swim suit competition.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation April 1984 v19 p33(4)
   
Floor hockey risk factors evident in school cases.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation March 1984 v19 p20(5)
   
Negligence liability for third party assaults during recreational activities.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Feb 1984 v19 p34(4)
   
Two cases of "crack-the-whip" playground liability.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Jan 1984 v19 p28(3)

1983

1984 law reporter to focus on recreation injury suits.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Nov 1983 v18 p21(5)
   
Failing to fill a two-foot hole prompts $23,000 judgment.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Oct 1983 v18 p22(4)
   
Liability for injury causing conditions in parks.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Sept 1983 v18 p28(5)
   
"Recklessness" liability for sports participants.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation August 1983 v18 p29(3)

Do entry fees increase liability? 
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation July 1983 v18 p19(5)

Urban land immunity. 
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation June 1983 v18 p23(2)

Racquetball compensation.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation June 1983 v18 p25(2)

Employer liability for sexual harassment in the workplace.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation April 1983 v18 p24(6)
   
New federal law enlivens copyright controversy.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation March 1983 v17 p20(3)


Public recreation liability under 1976 copyright law uncertain.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation March 1983 v17 p30(3)


Senate bill would expand conservation tax credits.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Feb 1983 v18 p16(2)

Introductory products liability for recreational equipment.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Feb 1983 v18 p22(6)

1982

Municipal competition with private enterprise must satisfy public purpose test.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Dec 1982 v17 p18(5)


Local governments must now contend with threat of federal antitrust liability.
Jim Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Dec 1982 v17 p8(2)

Section 1983 civil rights liability for public park and recreation agencies.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Nov 1982 v17 p24(4)

Senate bills would limit liability under civil rights statute.
Jim Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Nov 1982 v17 p16(4)

Statutes dictate public contracting requirements.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Oct 1982 v17 p28(7)


GAO recommends national park entrance fee increase.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Oct 1982 v17 p12(3)

Legal literacy: self-help training for recreation advocates. (editorial)
      Parks & Recreation Sept 1982 v17 p42(1)


Mandatory dedication for public parks: some critical factors.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Sept 1982 v17 p29(6)

Supreme Court lowers standard for "appropriate education" of handicapped.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Sept 1982 v17 p20(5)


Suing the United States for injuries on Federal recreation sites.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation August 1982 v17 p17(3)

State law authorizes taxation for municipal park development.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation July 1982 v17 p21(3)

Courts frown on liability release agreements. 
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation June 1982 v17 p48(4)


Surplus federal property for parks program in review.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation May 1982 v17 p32(5)


Leasing public facilities to private concerns: some legal checkpoints.
James C. Kozlowski. Parks & recreation  May 1982 v17 p 58-61.

 

Handicapped Athletes’ ‘Qualified’ Right to Participate

James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation April 1982

Validity of nonresident and other discriminatory regulations in municipal recreation.

 James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation March 1982 v17 p28(4)


Equal employment opportunity regulations govern validity of personnel selection standards.
James C. Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Feb 1982 v17 p18(4)

State licensing may regulate leisure therapy-counseling.
Jim Kozlowski.  Parks & Recreation Jan 1982 v17 p22(3)