5.3.2 Developing interventions related
to mismatches between a student's or group's culture and the school curriculum
- If you think mismatches between a student's or group's
culture and the school curriculum might be contributing to the puzzling
situation, you might consider including students' home-based funds of
knowledge or integrating broader ethnic content into your curriculum.
Funds of Knowledge
and similar approaches
- Articles (Amanti,
1995; Craig, 1995;
Hensley, 1995; Gittings,
1995) and chapters (González, Moll, & Amanti,
McIntyre, Rosebery, & González,
2001) by teachers who have
used the Funds of Knowledge approach have discussed developing interventions
using household knowledge from students' communities. Ballenger (1999,
pp. 41-81) reported on a series of teacher research studies involving
her Haitian students' literacy learning. González
(1995), in her summary of what has been learned through the Funds
of Knowledge project, stressed that curricula developed from research
on household knowledge should be designed to enhance the regular curriculum
rather than to replace it and that the goal of classroom applications
is "to improve students' engagement in learning by framing the
curricula and pedagogy with familiar contextual clues" (1995, p.
Banks (2004) provided an overview of different
approaches to integrating ethnic content into the curriculum. Hefflin
(2002) reported on the process of using culturally relevant pedagogy
with African American children's literature in an elementary classroom.
Ladson-Billings (1994) described how eight exemplary teachers of
African American students incorporate culturally relevant "conceptions
of knowledge" into their teaching. Mehan, Lintz, Okamoto, and
pp. 133-136) described the experiences of three teachers
trying to use a "multicultural" history text in their classes.
Kumashiro (2001) discussed some problems with
traditional approaches to adding ethnic content in the curriculum. He
raised some useful issues to consider and offered some strategies for
approaching ethnic content in a more critical way.
If you haven't read the CIP pages for Step 5 or Step
5.3, please do so because they provide information about developing
inverventions for your CIP study.
Success Stories &
CIP studies Related to Mismatches Between Cultures
Reconsider question: 3.3.2
Gather more information on this question: 4.3.2
Step 6-Monitor Intervention(s)
Guide for Reading Step 4 and Step 5 Pages